Profits of a Common Distillery.
Profits arising from a distillery with two common stills, one containing 110 gallons, and one containing 65 gallons that is well conducted for 10 months. The calculations predicated on a site, distant about[Pg 126] 60 miles from market. Due regard is paid to the rising and falling markets in the following statement. The selling price of whiskey will always regulate the price of grain, the distiller's wages, the prices of malt, hops, hauling, &c. is rather above than below par.
|To 1077 bushels corn, at 50 cents
per bushel, is
|$ 538 50|
|533 bushels rye, at 60 cents||309 80|
|96 bushels malt, at 70 ditto||67 20|
|1706 bushels total.|
|60 pounds hops at 25 cents per pound||15|
|100 cords of wood, at 2 dollars||200|
|Distiller's wages per year and boarding||204 70|
|Hauling whiskey, at 4 cents per gallon||204 70|
|50 poor hogs at 4 dollars each||200|
|$ 1739 90|
|By 5118 gallons whiskey, at 59 cents
|50 fat hogs at 7 dollars each||350|
|Leaving a balance of||$ 1143 10|
I have charged nothing for hauling of grain, &c. as the feed or slop for milk cows, young cattle, and fatting cattle, will more than pay that expense.
An estimate of the profits arising from a patent distillery, (col. Anderson's patent improved) 1 still of 110 with a patent head, 1 still of 85 gallons for a doubling still, and a boiler of metal, holding 110 gallons.
|To 2454 bushels corn, at 50
cents per bushel
|1216 do. rye, at 60 cents do.||729 60|
|200 do. malt at 70 cents do.||140|
|120 pounds hops, at 25 cents
|100 cords wood, at 2 dollars
|2 distillers wages, boarding, &c.||400|
|Hauling whiskey, per gallon at 4 cents||464 40|
|120 poor hogs at 4 dolls. each||480|
|Total expense||$ 3671|
|By 11610 gallons whiskey, at 50 cents per gallon||$ 5805 50|
|120 fat hogs, at 7 dolls. each||840|
|$ 6645 50|
|Clear profit,||$ 2974 50|
|Profit of a common distillery||1148 10|
|Balance in favor of a patent distillery||$ 1826 40|
To do the business of a patent distillery or to carry her on to advantage, requires a little more capital to start with—but either the patent or common distillery, when they have run two or three months, managed by an attentive and brisk dealing man, will maintain, or keep themselves agoing.[Pg 129]
Where wood is scarce and money plenty, the patent distillery is certainly to be recommended, indeed, in all cases, I would recommend it, where the proprietor has money enough. It is by far the most profitable, and will sooner or later become in general use in this country.
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