Observations on the advantages of making strong and good Whiskey with stalement, &c.
The distiller who makes whiskey for a market under the government of inspection laws, too weak, sustains a loss of a cent for each degree it may be under proof ... and the disadvantages are increased in proportion to the extent of land carriage. If a distance of seventy miles, the price of carriage per gallon will be about six cents, paying the same price for weak or strong ... not only the disadvantage of paying for the carriage of feints or water, but the loss in the casks, which tho' small apparently at first view, yet if nicely attended to, will amount in the course of the year to a sum of moment to every distiller or proprietor. To[Pg 74] convey my ideas, or render a more compleat exposition of my impressions as to the actual loss on one waggon load (predicated on a distance of seventy miles land carriage) of first proof whiskey, and that nine degrees under proof. I give the following statement.
|300 gallons good first proof whiskey at 50 cents,||$ 150|
|haling at six cents,||18|
|$ 132 00|
|300 gallons whiskey nine degrees under proof at 41 cents,||$ 123|
|$ 105 00|
|difference||$ 27 00|
This difference of twenty-seven dollars in favor of the distiller, who sends first proof whiskey, is not the only advantage, but he saves in barrels or casks, what will contain fifty four gallons, nearly two barrels; which together with the time saved, or gained in running good whiskey only, of filling and measuring it out, loading, &c. will leave an advantage of I presume, three dollars in[Pg 75] each load. Or to verify more satisfactorily, and I hope my readers will not think me too prolix, as economy cannot be too much attended to in this business, I add a statement predicated on a year's work, and on the foregoing principles:
|The distiller of weak whiskey, in twelve months, or one year, distils at the rate of 100 gallons per week, or say in the year, he prepares for a market at the above distance, 5000 gallons, which ought to command||$ 2,500|
|But he sustains a loss or deduction of 9 cents,||450|
|Then the first loss may safely be computed at||$ 450|
|150 empty barrels necessary to contain 5000 gallons, at 33-⅓ gallons to the barrel, estimating the barrel at 7s and 6d, is||$ 150|
|This quantity of whiskey, when reduced to proof, is 4,100 gals. which would have occupied only 123 barrels,||123|
|Then the second loss may be estimated at||$ 27|
|He ought to have made this quantity of 4100 gallons in nine months and three weeks, but we will say 10 months, sustaining a loss of two months in the year|
|3d item of loss. Hire of distiller for 2 months at $12||24 00|
|4th do. Rent of distillery do. at £15 per annum.||6 66|
|5th do. One sixth of the wood consumed, (at the rate of 100 cords per annum,) 16 cords,||20 00|
|6th do. One sixth of the Malt, do. say 90 bushels,||90 00|
|7th do. Is the wear and tear of stills, vessels, &c.||12 34|
Showing hereby a total annual loss to the careless distiller, of six hundred and thirty dollars, and a weekly loss of twelve dollars and three cents in the whiskey of nine degrees below proof—our ninth part of which is seventy dollars, which is the sum of loss sustained on each degree in this quantity of whiskey.[Pg 77]
The foregoing I flatter myself will not only show the necessity of care, cleanliness, industry and judgment, in the business of distilling; a business professed to be known, by almost every body—but in reality quite a science, and so abstruse as to be but too imperfectly understood; and moreover, the value of time, so inestimable in itself, the economy of which is so rarely attended to.
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